Exclamation points in academic writing are a subject of much debate. While they are sometimes used for emphasis and emotional intensity, they are often viewed as unnecessary or unprofessional in many aspects of academic writing. Known informally as a shriek or a bank and historically referred to as a note of admiration, exclamation points are used to denote extreme emotion in text, such as surprise, fear, or anger. Read on for all you need to know about the exclamation point.
Definition: Exclamation points
The exclamation point is in the shape of an inverted ‘i’. It consists of a vertical line suspended over a single dot. In the English language, it is placed at the end of an exclamatory sentence in place of a period or full stop. It serves to emphasize heightened emotion.
When to use exclamation points
When is it necessary or relevant to use an exclamation point?
The definition follows the place of the exclamation point. In other words, exclamation points are placed at the end of an exclamatory sentence or a sentence expressing surprise, exasperation, admiration, or a command.
When an interjection is linked to another word with which it is part, the exclamation mark is placed after the second term:
Exclamation points with other punctuations
Did you know that it is possible to combine exclamation points with other forms of punctuation?
Full stops or periods are not required when a punctuation mark is used as it is a mark of terminal punctuation itself.
An interrobang is a little-known form of punctuation coined in the 1960s that combines a question mark with an exclamation point. It is non-standard and used for informal writing to add energy to a question.
Exclamation points – Example sentences
Here are some excellent example sentences with exclamation points:
The exclamation mark in parentheses
To mark astonishment or disbelief, an element of the sentence can be followed by an exclamation mark placed in parentheses:
The interjection ô
The interjection ô, called vocative ô, can be used to challenge or invoke. But it can also express a feeling of joy, fear, admiration, etc.
In either of these uses, the ô must never be directly followed by the exclamation mark:
The informally used exclamation mark
Finally, the exclamation point can be doubled, tripled, and even combined with the question mark to express disbelief or astonishment.
However, this process is not recommended:
An exclamation point expresses emotion, such as joy, regret, fear or anger.
In speech, it is enclosed by speech marks. For example, if the exclamation mark refers to the whole sentence, it should be placed at the end of the sentence.
Yes, it’s very straightforward to use as it is generally only placed at the end of a sentence in formal writing. The hardest thing is remembering not to overuse exclamation marks, as doing so dilutes their efficacy.
Exclamation marks are unusual in formal writing as heightened emotion is generally inappropriate. However, this does not mean there is a hard and fast rule about their use in formal writing. It is advisable to consider whether using a full stop would be more appropriate as excessive use of exclamation marks can be regarded as unprofessional, particularly in a workplace or academic environment.
Using multiple exclamation marks is increasingly common in comic or informal writing, such as in social media posts. However, using more than one does not increase its emphasis and is frowned upon by pedants.